MRSA (methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus) is a biological agent that's responsible for difficult-to-treat infections in humans and other mammals. It's more commonly called the "MRSA super bug", and there are two kinds: hospital-acquired (HA- MRSA), and community-acquired (CA-MRSA). Originated in the UK, it's now becoming an epidemic. It can survive on surfaces and fabrics, therefore complete sanitation is necessary in areas where patients are recovering from invasive procedures. It has very uncomfortable symptoms, attacking skin and openings in the body, and it can be deadly. It's a variation of the bacterium " staphylococcus aureus", which amazingly, has evolved to survive several medial treatments, which is what makes this "super bug" so threatening. For example, it can survive common beta-lactam antibiotics like penicillin and methicillin.
MRSA / MERSA Symptoms & Treatment
MRSA is a flesh eating bacteria, affecting mostly the skin. It causes rashes, abscesses, deep tissue infections, and can even lead to cellulitis or fatal pneumonia. It's normally contracted through cuts, blisters, burns, insect bites, surgical wounds, or cracks in the skin. Long-lasting infections from minor cuts or burns can indicate the presence of MRSA, or rapid infection growth. If cellulitis is contracted, symptoms can include fever, headache, nausea, and early signs of redness on the skin. It's also characterized by swelling, warmth, and pain or tenderness. The most common form of treatment is incision and drainage of the abscesses. However, now there's another version of MRSA called "VISA" ( vancomycin intermediate-resistant staphylococcus aureus), which is a strain that is resistant even to vancomycin.